The Mexican Hairless Dog, commonly known as the Xoloitzcuintli or Xolo for short, is a unique and ancient breed that holds a special place in Mexican history and culture. These elegant and intelligent dogs are characterized by their hairless bodies, although some Xolos may have a thin coat of hair. With a history dating back thousands of years, they have become more than just pets; they are revered as sacred companions and even believed to possess healing properties. In this article, we will explore the captivating history, distinctive features, and enduring significance of the Mexican Hairless Dog.

The Mexican Hairless Dog: A Brief History and Characteristics

The history of the Mexican Hairless Dog can be traced back to pre-Columbian times when they were highly esteemed by the ancient Aztec and Maya civilizations. These dogs were called Xoloitzcuintlis, named after Xolotl, the Aztec god of fire and lightning, and Itzcuintli, which means dog in Nahuatl, the Aztec language. The Aztecs believed that Xolos accompanied the souls of the deceased through the afterlife, and they were often buried with their owners to fulfill this sacred duty.

The Xoloitzcuintli comes in three different sizes: toy, miniature, and standard, and they can have either a hairless or coated variety. The hairless Xolos have smooth, tough skin and may have some hair on the head and tail, while the coated variety has a short, flat coat. Their colors range from black, gray, bronze, and red to a striking mottled pattern.

The Significance of the Mexican Hairless Dog in Modern Times

Despite their ancient origins, the Mexican Hairless Dog's popularity has transcended history, and they continue to hold a significant place in Mexican culture today. They are considered a national treasure and have been declared a cultural heritage of Mexico. Furthermore, their uniqueness and striking appearance have caught the attention of dog enthusiasts and pet owners worldwide.


The Mexican Hairless Dog, or Xoloitzcuintli, is an exceptional breed with a rich history and deep cultural significance in Mexico. Revered as sacred companions in ancient civilizations, these dogs have stood the test of time and have emerged as beloved pets in modern society. With their unique hairless appearance and affectionate nature, they have won the hearts of dog lovers around the globe.

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